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Orthopaedic Surgery & Sports Medicine of San Antonio

About Joint Replacement

Partial Joint Replacement

Partial joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which only the damaged or diseased surfaces of the joint are replaced, leaving much of the natural bone and soft tissue in place.

Total Joint Replacement

Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which certain parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a plastic or metal device or an artificial joint. The artificial joint is designed to move just like a healthy joint.

Joint Replacement

Joint replacement is a treatment option when pain:

  • Is severe
  • Interferes with daily activities
  • Interferes with work

Joint replacement is a decision that should include:

  • You
  • Your primary care provider
  • Your orthopaedic surgeon

Did you know?
Total joint replacements of the hip and knee have been performed since the 1960s. Today, these procedures have been found to result in significant restoration of function and reduction of pain in 90% to 95% of patients.

Source: National Development Conference, National Institutes of Health, December 2003

Joint Replacement Preoperative

Preparing for a joint replacement procedure begins weeks before the actual day of surgery.
In general, patients may need:

  • Routine blood tests
  • Urinalysis
  • Physical examination
  • Exercise
  • Quit smoking
  • Stop certain medications
  • Donate blood

Joint Replacement Preoperative

  • A general physical examination
  • Dental procedures
  • Skin condition
  • Smoking
  • Weight
  • Medications

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